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Cashewnut kernels are mainly used for the snack market as a roasted and salted snack. Due to the lovely taste, the cashewnut is seen as an upper class nut. The cashewnut is becoming of more and more interest to industrial users and is as such used for cookies, cereals and is also promoted as a topping on ice-cream.
The cashewnut is probably one of the most exciting nuts that grows, hanging under an apple that is being used for juice, for example. The nut itself is protected by a very strong shell, that needs to be roasted/steamed before it can be shelled. The shell contains a high percentage of liquid, which makes the shell prefect for fuelling the ovens that dry down the kernels.
Origins / Growing areas
Africa is the biggest producer of cashewnutds (approx.. 40-45% of the total world crop), followed by India and Vietnam.the biggest processing origins are Vietnam and India. Africa is only processing approx. 8-10% of their production. The processing capacity in India and Vietnam exceeds the crop and therefore they both import a lot of raw material from outside growing areas, like Africa. Raw nuts are then processed in India and Vietnam and exported as Indian or Vietnamese kernels.
Another player is Brazil whose main export market is the USA, mainly due to the short voyage time and the growing need to have just-in-time deliveries and lower stocks.
Cashewnuts are also growing in Indonesia, East Africa (Tanzania, Kenya and Mozambique) and West Africa (Benin, Burkina Faso Guinea Bissau and Ivory Coast, Nigeria and some smaller producing countries).
Grades / Varieties
Whole grades (kernels per LBS): W180, W210, W240, W320, W450.
Broken grades (we only mention the main grades in the first colour grade) : Butts, Splits, LWP, SWP.
These grades are also graded on 1st class, 2nd class and 3rd class product and to distinguish between the various classes, the following terms are used : White (W), scorched (S) and second scorched (SS) whereas Brazil uses W1, W2 and W3 to specify the lightest from the darker color.
Harvest times / Shipment times
India/Vietnam : 2-3 harvests, starting in March and ending in June.
Brazil : starting in November/December and finishing in January/early February.
West Africa : February/March.
East Africa : October-December.
All cashewnuts are packed in 1×50 lbs or 2×25 lbs net per carton. The kernels are packed in vacuum pouches, gas infused.
Nutritional values (per 100 gr)
Energy 572 kcal.
Total Fat 42,2 gr.
Total Protein 17,5 gr.
Total Carbohydrates 30,5 gr.
Total Minerals 2,9 gr.
Total Vitamins 4,15 mg
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